About DhrangadhraDhrangadhra is viewed as the "pink city" of Surendranagar locale of Gujarat. Dhrangadhra in literal sense implies to the place that is known as 'land of stone' and it is additionally celebrated for stone craftsmanship and sculpture of stones. It's a residential community with rich chronicled foundation. It's arranged on the edges of little Rann of Kutch in this manner giving a serene getaway from mundane city life.
Individuals basically are involved in exchange of cotton and salt, though larger part of the populace makes living through cultivating and pastoralism.
This town goes back to the medieval period and has construction modeling and historic points which bear a sign of those brilliant years. These are delight to the eyes of all voyagers. The town has rich structural legacy because of dating so old. The town can be walked around and strolled to find extremely old and lovely four old entryways built during medieval times, armed force cantonment and the most important and prominent soda –ash processing plant in its region. The structural legacy is intricate to the point that each building talks volume about the work done on them.
Know DhrangadhraThe residential area of Dhrangadhra has loads of differing and amazing qualities to its character. It's placed in the Gujarat area which itself is exceptionally rich socially and verifiably, subsequently it gives the residential community all the components which characterize its brilliant character. The medieval structures and castles alongside the temples and stone carvings give uniqueness to the town of Dhrangadhra. It is decently associated by rail and road network and the best time to visit the spot to view the exuberance of the town in its full glory is amid the mid rainstorm months.
History of DhrangadhraThe history of any place is important to figure out how it grew and developed into what it is today.Dhrangadhra as a small town has very rich historical background and the phases of its history are dealt below.
Dhrangadhra developed from the clan of Jhalavad Rajput which was established in about AD 1090. This state was administered by the Jhala Rajputs.In AD 1735; Dhrangadhra was established as its capital. After the establishment as capital, the state was then renamed as the Dhrangadhra-Halvad state. In 1941 Dhrangadhra which was a state ruled by royals, had a populace of 94,417 living in a range of 1,167 square miles.
In 1948 the state of Dhrangadhra was made part of the Zalawad area in Saurashtra. In 1956 it got to become a portion of Gujarat.
It is believed that finally the place of Dhrangadhra fits in with the Makwana group of the Jhala family of Rajputs. They were a warrior faction who were originally located in Baluchistan, ruled the areas close to Nagar Parkar in Sind, and entered Kathiawar amid the eighth century. The family shares the ancestral relatives to the Royal places of Wankaner, Chuda, Wadhwan, Limbdi, Sayla and Than-Lakhtar.
The architect of the administration was Harapal Devji of Kirantigarh, in Sind. He entered the administration of Raja Karan Solanki of Patan and went into conjugal commitment with the daughter of Pratap solanka, and got a few extensive tracts of area including about 2,400 towns, which got to be referred to after the family as Jhalavad.
The group name gets from a supernatural demonstration of Harapal's wife, who made up for lost time her youngsters through an open window when they were charged by a crazed elephant in musk. "Jhalvan" in Gujarati implies for "getting" and her kids and relatives consequently started to be called Jhalas. Harapal Devji, created his capital at Patdi, close to the Little Rann of Kutch, where it stayed until his relative Jetsinhi I surrendered it for Kuwa amid the fifteenth century.
Rana Waghoji succeeded in 1469, yet opposed the Muslim power. The Sultan who was ruler of Gujarat during that time sent Khalil Khan against him, yet Waghoji succeeded in vanquishing that sovereign. In 1486, the Sultan took the field to chasten Waghoji himself, touched base at Kuwa and laid attack to the fortification.
At the point when supplies were going to run out in the town, Waghoji requested flames to be lit and advised his wives to plan for sati, and then he moved forward to do fight against the foe. Amid the contention the individual who was his standard carrier became weary of conveying his weight and put down his ensign in makeshift way. This procedure aggravated the poor rulers’ wives to visualize the failure of their master, and each of them obediently mounted the fire.
Waghoji came back to the fortification to discover every one of them dead. Melancholy, he pledged to pass on battling in fight and rode out again into the thick of the foe. He slaughtered numerous in close battle, until inevitably he succumbed to their swords. The Sultan's strengths attacked the post, eroded and demolished Kuwa.
Rajodharji made another capital at Halvad in Kathiawar in 1488. Maharaja Jaswant Singhji I of Jodhpur, the Mughal Viceroy of Gujarat, added Halvad from Maharana Jaswantsinhji I in 1673 and made it into a magnificent jagir. Maharana Chandrasinhji of Wankaner wrested control of Halvad from its Muslim jagirdars in 1679, yet yielded it to Jaswantsinhji I in the accompanying year. Sovereign Aurangzeb affirmed Jaswantsinhji in his belonging by an Imperial sanad in October 1680. Jaswantsinhji II evacuated his capital for all time to Dhrangadhra in 1783.
Despite the fact that the family held the state uninterruptedly after 1783, incessant fights and disagreements regarding the progression and over region kept on plaguing the tribe for the following century and a half. The ill will and fighting came to such a state, to the point that in 1805 Wadhwan and Dhrangadhra struggled with one another more than a goat. Inevitably, this time of contention was conveyed to an end by the Walker settlement of 1807-1808. From there on, the peace managed by the settlement guaranteed that the Jhala rulers could focus on enhancing the parcel of their subjects.
Fortunately for the populace of Dhrangadhra, they take pleasure under the compassionate reign of five progressive rulers who took their diversions to heart. Awesome enhancements in instruction, watering system, regulatory and legal change, and in addition interests in industry and agribusiness resulted through the following 150 years.
Mansinhji II, Ajitsinhji, Maharana Ranmalsinghji, Ghanshyamsinhji and Megrajji III all exceeded expectations as enlightened rulers. Most fascinated themselves in intelligent interests and in this manner prized training and learning for their subjects.
Following sixty years of school building, the state gave both essential and auxiliary instruction amid the first decade of the twentieth century. This enthusiasm for instruction did not restrict itself to Dhrangadhra, as the Maharana's additionally aided their subjects get tertiary and higher instructive capabilities in the real establishments outside the state, in metropolitan colleges and abroad. The legacy of that investment can even be seen in England today. The establishments of Mill field school stem from the school made by Maharana Ghanshyamsinjhi for the training of his children and those of his relatives.
Apart from instruction, the Maharana Ghanshyamsinjhi additionally took an extraordinary enthusiasm for rural and modern advancement. The salt business, which gave an expansive part of state incomes, saw an incredible extension. Modern and concoction plants were developed to deliver related and worth included items. This industry remains the significant business in Dhrangadhra right up 'til the present time.
Geography of DhrangadhraThe town is located in the Surendranagar district of Gujarat. It’s located on the banks of river Palkhu, which is the main river of the region. The town is nearly situated to the little Rann which is the home to Great Indian Wild Ass.
ClimateThe climate of the region is desert type with very high temperatures in summers and very cold temperatures during winters. The temperatures are on the higher side from March to May with very high degree of hotness during May. After the rainy season in June, however mercury dips a little bit.
The temperatures ranges from 30° Celsius to 44° Celsius during summers, and 14° Celsius to 30° Celsius during winters. Maximum recorded temperature was 47°Celsius and minimum was recorded as 9.6°Celsius.
The rainfall is average .The average annual rainfall is 470 mm and the average relative humidity is38%. Wind direction is southwest in most times of the year with an average velocity of 8.4km/hour and it varies from 18Km/hour (max.) in April.
Location and AreaThe town of Dhrangadhra has an elevation of 209 feet and is located at 22.98°N a 71.47°E.
DemographyPopulation of the town has doubled during the last four decades with 21.84% growth rate. The population of the town as we go by 2001 census is 70,663 of which 54% are males and 46% comprise the female population. Sex ratio is 853 and literacy rate is higher than the Surendranagar district. The major part of the population comprises the Hindus, Muslims, Jains and the Parsis.
Land UseOut of the total land only 602 hectare is developed. The land in the area has been used for various purposes. It is one of the highest developing talukas of Gujarat. It has the oldest soda ash factory of India which is the DSW industries ltd. It has one army cantonment and the region has ginning and pressing industries involved in cotton industries.
Another major industry of the region is the Mausam food product brand. This brand produces foods such as Spices, delicious pickles in various flavors, sauces, pastes, sherbets, ketchup etc. by K.P. Industries and many other industries in GIDC area. The simple town of Dhrangadhra enjoys facilities of several hospitals, schools and a college. In conjunction with usual telephone and portal services, email facilities are also accessible in the town.
Dhrangadhra additionally contains a Gobar gas plant that is of huge importance as it meets the energy requirement of the people in a major way.
Art and Culture of DhrangadhraDhrangadhra houses many architectural marvels and wonders dating back to old times, which showcase the influences of the local medieval history. The city takes pride in itself with the presence of several temples, palaces and mosques belonging to diverse historical era.
Many places of worships and monuments stand tall illustrating the ancient art. The various craft patterns which are visibly inherent in the city include crafting traditions like embroidery, tie and dye fabrics, jewellery making, stone sculpture etc. which prospered during the old times and are continued even today.
Life of PeopleThe life of people is very simple and contending. The town is connected fully by providing electric supply to all people and most of the people have proper shelter. However at places we find many living in the kuccha houses with the feeling of content and satisfaction. Most people here earn their living by working as wage laborers in factories and other small industrial units. They work in construction works, agriculture as well mining. Women and kids are engaged in agricultural chores which are seasonal in character.
The Rabari and Bharwad farming communities that are seen in the Dhrangadhra town are known to raise cattle, camels, goats and sheeps and they live in villages surrounding the town. They majorly follow pastoralism. Each summer, on the outskirts of the town they also host a camp of snake charmers. Dhrangadhra is also is the head office for the Deputy Conservator of Forests, who is responsible for the maintenance of the Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary situated in the Little Rann of Kutch, which is home to the last three species of Asiatic Wild Ass.
The lifestyle of the people is very simplistic. The people here are fond of typical food of Gujarat. The food which is more on the sweeter side and less spicy. The people here enjoy the local delicacies as paav bhaji and sweets along with all the famous Gujarati delicacies as dhokla, khandwi etc.and the famous Gujarati thali. They love to eat and be happy.
EntertainmentThe life of the people of Dhrangadhra is very simple in this regard. They prefer to sit together and discuss the ways of life. Definitely technology too would have spread its roots across the town with television and internet coming up in this 21st century to every household. The people here spend the time by performing dramas and playing music in name of God. For tourists also Dhrangadhra has lots to offer. To experience nature closely there is the Little Rann of Kutch which is the home to the Indian Wild Ass which is very sturdy and strong to live in Indian desert conditions. The open spaces and lush green fields act ideal spots for picnics.
Festivals in DhrangadhraGujarat in India is known as the land of festivals. The vibrancy and hues of various festivals are visible in every nook and corner of Gujarat. All the major festivals are celebrated with lots of pomp and show. The Navratri festival and the Janmashtmi fairs are loved by all. But the most important is the 3 day Sheetla Mata fair which sees tourists and people coming to the place from all parts of the country to show their respect and strengthen faith in their God.
Tourist Places to Visit in DhrangadhraThere are a lot of important tourist places to visit in Dhrangadhra and some of them are listed below:
Dargah of Mohahmad Musa and Raj Darabar are the well known landmarks of Dhrangadhra.
Stone work of art of the city is truly conspicuous. Sompura clan which is surviving in Dhrangadhra is known to have built various Jain Derasars which are alluded to as kind of Jain temples which can be seen scattered all over Gujarat and India. It is however of the view and accepted with general conscience that the temple of Somnath has been developed by the populace of Sompura community, living in Dhrangadhra.
A few archeological ancient destinations fitting in with the Harappan Period are likewise spread along the city. The real developments of the district are the sanctuaries, step wells, castles and mosques. From different recorded periods these give plentiful chance to study and examination. There are more than 100 spots of worship.
One of the most acclaimed temples and a place of worship is the temple built in memory of God Swaminarayan which is known by the name of "Shree Swaminarayan Sanskardham Gurukul" being located at Halvad Street. In the premises of the temple is located a private school, Yagnashala & sanctuary which are of great importance and fundamental attractions. The school is named as 'Shree Brahmanand Vidyalya'. More than 1000 students are residing in this Gurukul with a means to get education along with values of life. This Gurukul was created by H.H.Sadguru Shree Ramkrishnadasji swami. The Sanskardham Gurukul is popular for its terrific celebrations like Shakotsav, Hindola Utsav, Atmiya Sabha and numerous more. This association is known for directing a few social and profound exercises which adds to the reasoning methodology of human life in such a way, to the point that they think just to spread peace and fairness.
Another place which is acclaimed for such sort of exercises is well known by the name of "Bhagwatdham” as the name suggests the study of Bhagvat is carried out in full swing and this Shri Swaminarayan Gurukul is located at Halvad Street. There is one major private school run under aegis of Shri Narnarayandev Education Trust. The school is known by the name of Shri Swaminarayan High School to gain access to education the Gurukul style. There are 1000 students residing to gain education in this Gurukul.
There is an exceptionally acclaimed temple and lake. It is known as "JOGASAR". It is a temple built in commemoration of God Ganesh (DADA EKDANTA). There are just two "Ekdanta Ganesha" temples in India. One is found at Titval and other placed at Dhrangadhra.
Temples, step-wells, castles and mosques from different verifiable periods exist in different conditions of protection. There are more than 100 spots of worship, and old workmanship and art conventions, for example, stone figure, gems making, tie and color fabrics and weaving thrive.
Heritage SitesDhrangadhra is a medieval time town and has lots of heritage buildings situated in its lap. All the heritage sites are well maintained and are used as major offices for government works. Some of the major sites are:
.Man Mahal : It is used as building for various Governmental works
- Ajeet Niwas Palace : It is still maintained by the royal family.
- Ajeet High School: It acts as a school building for all school going children.
- Ghat Darwaza: it is the main entrance to the fort or palace.
- Sita Darwaza
- Dilli Darwaza
- Garh (Fort): It was being built by the Rajput rulers to protect families from enemies.
- Shakti Mandir: It is one of the most important temples of ancient times.
Places near DhrangadhraApart from the tourist places in Dhrangadhra there are several tourist spots which are located on the outskirts of the town and include wild ass sanctuary and many temples.
The Wild Ass Sanctuary envelops an area which covers 4953.71 sq. km. of the Little Rann of Kutch and is spread across the areas of Rajkot, Banaskantha, Patan, Surendranagar, and Kutch. The central command of the Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary is "Dhrangadhra" in Surendranagar district.
When the seasonal change takes place, with the landing of storm the scene changes significantly, when whole sanctuary is filled with shallow crisp water. This stagnant water offers a tremendous encouraging ground to the popular Kutch prawns and a few different winged creatures, fish and invertebrates. This newly created water pools pulls in numerous universally undermined fowls like houbara bustard, Dalmatian pelicans, peddles, harriers and birds of prey. A large number of these winged animals move to this territory, which falls on the transient course of feathered creatures coming to Indian subcontinent.
There is Deshal Bhagat temple located outside the city; it is believed that God himself took the form of Saint Deshal Bhagat one time to free people of all atrocious practices. Likewise there is ashram of Vallabhi Maa. Different temples are built in name of single god. These temples are known by different names as the Rokadiya Hanumanji temple, Bala Hanumanji temple, Bhala Hanumaan Mandir etc. Apart from these there is Fuleshwar Mahadev Mandir, Jalaram Baapa Temple, Dariyalal Temple and Shakti Maa Mandir.
Transportation in Dhrangadhra
By RailDhrangadhra is well connected to all major places of Gujarat. Dhrangadhra is a railway junction on the Western Railway (India) and is connected to Ahmadabad and other regions of Kutch and Saurashtra by rail links.
By RoadThere are auto rickshaws and larger un-hooded three-wheelers which are known locally as Chhakada they typically run on custom-made engines of Royal Enfield bikes thereby providing speed to the vehicles. These are available for travel within the town and surrounding areas.
The distance between the places is accessible by cycles and two wheelers as well. The school children and the people of the town travel mostly on foot and cycles. The main highways pass through town of Dhrangadhra thereby causing freight traffic. More than 141 buses make to and fro journey across different parts from this town.
By AirThe city can be accessed by air with connectivity through Ahmadabad air port which is further connected by road from there.
Fact File of DhrangadhraCountry: India
Elevation: 64 m (210 ft)
Languages: Gujarati, Hindi
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